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İslami Fundamentalizm ve Mezhep Çatışması: Kuzey Nijerya'daki “Maitatsine” ve “Boko Haram” Krizleri

Year 2017, Volume: 10 Issue: 1, 207 - 235, 30.06.2017
https://doi.org/10.18403/emakalat.306998

Abstract

There
are different Islamic sects in Nigeria among which are Derika, Izala, Kaula,
the Muslim brothers, Tijjaniya, Quaddiriya, Shiite and several other splinter
groups. Once in a while, there are skirmishes among some of these sects.
However, sectarian activities that threatened the corporate existense of the
Nigerian state and rejected political authority have been less common. The
Maitatsine riots of December 1980 and Boko Haram riots of July 2009 are among those.
Activities of both sects culminated in with violent demonstrations that led to
the death of thousands of people.

References

  • Kaynakça
  • Beck, Ulrich (1992), Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. London: Sage Publication.
  • Beckford, James A. and John Walliss, eds (2006). Theorising Religion: Classical and Contemporary Debate. Aldershot, England: Ashgate Publishing.
  • Clapham, C. (2002), “Problems of Peace Enforcement: Lessons to be drawn from Multinational Peacekeeping Operations in ongoing Conflicts in Africa”, in Zack-Williams, T. et al, eds. Africa in Crisis. London: Pluto Press.
  • Clinton, Hillary (2009), “Nigeria: Lack of Good Governance”, The Nation, Friday, August 14,p. 1.
  • Coleman, James S. (1986), Nigeria: Background to Nationalism. Benin City: Broburg andWistrom.
  • Danjibo, N. D. and Abubakar Oladeji, (2007), “Vote Buying in Nigeria: An Assessment of the 2007 General Elections”, in Journal of African Elections, Special Issue: Nigeria’s 2007 General Elections.
  • Dawson, Lorne L. (2006), “Privatisation, Globalisation, and Religious Innovation: Giddens’ Theory of Modernity and the Refutation of Secularisation Theory”, in Beckford, James A. and John Walliss, eds. Theorising Religion: Classical and Contemporary Debate. Aldershot, England: Ashgate Publishing.
  • Dudley, Billy J. (1968), Parties and Politics in Northern Nigeria. London: Frank Cass.
  • Fisher, S. eds. (2000), Working with Conflict. London: Zed Books.
  • Ellis, Stephen and Haar, Gerrie Ter (2004), Worlds of Power: Religious Thoughts and Political Practice in Africa. London: Hurst and Company.
  • Falola, Toyin (1998), Violence in Nigeria: The Crisis of Religious Politics and Secular Ideologies. New York: University of Rochester.
  • Giddens, Anthony (1990), The Consequences of Modernity. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  • Huntington, Samuel P. (2003), The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of the World Order. New York: Simon and Schuster Paperbacks.
  • International IDEA (2001), Democracy in Nigeria: Continuing Dialogue(s) for Nation-Building. Sweden: Stockholm.
  • Isichei, Elizabeth (1987), “Assessment of the Maitatsine Religious Crisis 1980”, Journal of Religions in Africa, Vol. xii.
  • Khuri, Fuad I. (1990), Imam and Emirs: State, Religion and Sect in Islam. London: Saqi Books.
  • Komonchak, Joseph A., Mary Collins and Dermot A. Lane, eds. (1993), The New Dictionary of Theology. Collegeville, Minnesota: The Liturgical Press.
  • Kukah, Matthew Hassan, (1994), Religion, Power and Politics in Northern Nigeria. Ibadan: Spectrum Books.
  • Kukah, Matthew Hassan (2009). “Boko Haram: Some Reflections on Causes and Effects”.Unpublished Manuscript.
  • Monod, Jean-Claude (2002), La querelle de la secularisation de Hegel a Blumberg. Paris: Vrin.
  • Ohadike, Don (1992), “Muslim-Christian Conflict and Political Instability in Nigeria”, in John O. Hunwick, ed. Religion and National Integration in Africa, Islam, Christianity and Politics in the Sudan and Nigeria. Illinois: Northwestern University Press.
  • Okafor, F. U. ed. (1997), New Strategies for Curbing Ethnic and Religious Conflicts in Nigeria. Enugu: Fourth Dimension Publishers.
  • Oloyede, Is-haq O. Text of an address on the occasion of the opening ceremony of the First Biennial Conference of the University of Ilorin Centre for Peace and Strategic Studies, Monday, August 3, 2009.
  • Paden, John (1986), Ahmadu Bello. Zaria: Hudahuda Publishing Company.
  • Report of the Tribunal of Inquiry on Kano Disturbances, (1981), Lagos: Government Press.
  • Sanusi, Lamido Sanusi (2007), “Politics and Sharia in Northern Nigeria”, in Soares, Benjamin and Rene Otayek, eds. Islam and Muslim Politics in Africa. New York: Palgrave, Macmillan.
  • Suberu, Rotimi T. (2009), “Religion and Institutions: Federalism and the Management ofConflict over Sharia in Nigeria”, Journal of International Development, 21, p. 547-560.
  • Tucker, R. C. ed. (1978), The Marx-Engel Reader. New York: Norton.
  • Umar, Mohammed S. “Education and Islamic Trend in Northern Nigeria, 1970s – 1990s, Africa Today 48: 2 (Summer, 2001), pp. 154- 178.
  • Usman, Yusuf Bala (1987), The Manipulation of Religion in Nigeria: 1977-1987. Kaduna: Vanguard Printers and Publishers.
  • Weber, Marx (2002). The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. Los Angeles:Roxbury.
  • Willaime, Jean-Paul (2006), “Religion in Ultramodernity”, in Beckford, James A. and John
  • Walliss, eds. Theorising Religion: Classical and Contemporary Debate. Aldershot,England: Ashgate Publishing.
  • Wilson, B. (1982), Religion in Sociological Perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Zahradeen, Nasir B. (1988), The Maitatsine Saga. Zaria: Zaria Publishing Co. Ltd.
  • Gazeteler
  • The Nation, Monday, August 10, 2009, p. 1.
  • The Nation, Friday, August 14, 2009, p. 1.
  • The Guardian, Thursday, October 13, 2009, p. 11.
  • This Day, Thursday, September 3, 2009, p.1.
  • Nigerian Tribune, Monday, August 10, 2009, p. 17.
  • This Day, Thursday, September 3, 2009, p.1.
  • Tell, August 10, 2009, p. 34.
  • Tell, August 17, 2009, p. 69.
Year 2017, Volume: 10 Issue: 1, 207 - 235, 30.06.2017
https://doi.org/10.18403/emakalat.306998

Abstract

References

  • Kaynakça
  • Beck, Ulrich (1992), Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. London: Sage Publication.
  • Beckford, James A. and John Walliss, eds (2006). Theorising Religion: Classical and Contemporary Debate. Aldershot, England: Ashgate Publishing.
  • Clapham, C. (2002), “Problems of Peace Enforcement: Lessons to be drawn from Multinational Peacekeeping Operations in ongoing Conflicts in Africa”, in Zack-Williams, T. et al, eds. Africa in Crisis. London: Pluto Press.
  • Clinton, Hillary (2009), “Nigeria: Lack of Good Governance”, The Nation, Friday, August 14,p. 1.
  • Coleman, James S. (1986), Nigeria: Background to Nationalism. Benin City: Broburg andWistrom.
  • Danjibo, N. D. and Abubakar Oladeji, (2007), “Vote Buying in Nigeria: An Assessment of the 2007 General Elections”, in Journal of African Elections, Special Issue: Nigeria’s 2007 General Elections.
  • Dawson, Lorne L. (2006), “Privatisation, Globalisation, and Religious Innovation: Giddens’ Theory of Modernity and the Refutation of Secularisation Theory”, in Beckford, James A. and John Walliss, eds. Theorising Religion: Classical and Contemporary Debate. Aldershot, England: Ashgate Publishing.
  • Dudley, Billy J. (1968), Parties and Politics in Northern Nigeria. London: Frank Cass.
  • Fisher, S. eds. (2000), Working with Conflict. London: Zed Books.
  • Ellis, Stephen and Haar, Gerrie Ter (2004), Worlds of Power: Religious Thoughts and Political Practice in Africa. London: Hurst and Company.
  • Falola, Toyin (1998), Violence in Nigeria: The Crisis of Religious Politics and Secular Ideologies. New York: University of Rochester.
  • Giddens, Anthony (1990), The Consequences of Modernity. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  • Huntington, Samuel P. (2003), The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of the World Order. New York: Simon and Schuster Paperbacks.
  • International IDEA (2001), Democracy in Nigeria: Continuing Dialogue(s) for Nation-Building. Sweden: Stockholm.
  • Isichei, Elizabeth (1987), “Assessment of the Maitatsine Religious Crisis 1980”, Journal of Religions in Africa, Vol. xii.
  • Khuri, Fuad I. (1990), Imam and Emirs: State, Religion and Sect in Islam. London: Saqi Books.
  • Komonchak, Joseph A., Mary Collins and Dermot A. Lane, eds. (1993), The New Dictionary of Theology. Collegeville, Minnesota: The Liturgical Press.
  • Kukah, Matthew Hassan, (1994), Religion, Power and Politics in Northern Nigeria. Ibadan: Spectrum Books.
  • Kukah, Matthew Hassan (2009). “Boko Haram: Some Reflections on Causes and Effects”.Unpublished Manuscript.
  • Monod, Jean-Claude (2002), La querelle de la secularisation de Hegel a Blumberg. Paris: Vrin.
  • Ohadike, Don (1992), “Muslim-Christian Conflict and Political Instability in Nigeria”, in John O. Hunwick, ed. Religion and National Integration in Africa, Islam, Christianity and Politics in the Sudan and Nigeria. Illinois: Northwestern University Press.
  • Okafor, F. U. ed. (1997), New Strategies for Curbing Ethnic and Religious Conflicts in Nigeria. Enugu: Fourth Dimension Publishers.
  • Oloyede, Is-haq O. Text of an address on the occasion of the opening ceremony of the First Biennial Conference of the University of Ilorin Centre for Peace and Strategic Studies, Monday, August 3, 2009.
  • Paden, John (1986), Ahmadu Bello. Zaria: Hudahuda Publishing Company.
  • Report of the Tribunal of Inquiry on Kano Disturbances, (1981), Lagos: Government Press.
  • Sanusi, Lamido Sanusi (2007), “Politics and Sharia in Northern Nigeria”, in Soares, Benjamin and Rene Otayek, eds. Islam and Muslim Politics in Africa. New York: Palgrave, Macmillan.
  • Suberu, Rotimi T. (2009), “Religion and Institutions: Federalism and the Management ofConflict over Sharia in Nigeria”, Journal of International Development, 21, p. 547-560.
  • Tucker, R. C. ed. (1978), The Marx-Engel Reader. New York: Norton.
  • Umar, Mohammed S. “Education and Islamic Trend in Northern Nigeria, 1970s – 1990s, Africa Today 48: 2 (Summer, 2001), pp. 154- 178.
  • Usman, Yusuf Bala (1987), The Manipulation of Religion in Nigeria: 1977-1987. Kaduna: Vanguard Printers and Publishers.
  • Weber, Marx (2002). The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. Los Angeles:Roxbury.
  • Willaime, Jean-Paul (2006), “Religion in Ultramodernity”, in Beckford, James A. and John
  • Walliss, eds. Theorising Religion: Classical and Contemporary Debate. Aldershot,England: Ashgate Publishing.
  • Wilson, B. (1982), Religion in Sociological Perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Zahradeen, Nasir B. (1988), The Maitatsine Saga. Zaria: Zaria Publishing Co. Ltd.
  • Gazeteler
  • The Nation, Monday, August 10, 2009, p. 1.
  • The Nation, Friday, August 14, 2009, p. 1.
  • The Guardian, Thursday, October 13, 2009, p. 11.
  • This Day, Thursday, September 3, 2009, p.1.
  • Nigerian Tribune, Monday, August 10, 2009, p. 17.
  • This Day, Thursday, September 3, 2009, p.1.
  • Tell, August 10, 2009, p. 34.
  • Tell, August 17, 2009, p. 69.

Details

Subjects Religious Studies
Journal Section Translations
Authors

Zeynep Alimoğlu Sürmeli

Publication Date June 30, 2017
Submission Date April 19, 2017
Acceptance Date June 13, 2017
Published in Issue Year 2017Volume: 10 Issue: 1

Cite

ISNAD Alimoğlu Sürmeli, Zeynep. “İslami Fundamentalizm Ve Mezhep Çatışması: Kuzey Nijerya’daki “Maitatsine” Ve ‘Boko Haram’ Krizleri”. e-Makalat Mezhep Araştırmaları Dergisi 10/1 (June 2017), 207-235. https://doi.org/10.18403/emakalat.306998.

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